An analysis of john locke who was born in wrington england

Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: More particularly, it is his fascination with scripture, his unwillingness to readily dismiss or reject its teachings, and his desire to appropriate its message in his philosophical and political writings, that make Locke such a fascinating study for a biblicist. Interest in scripture was not so unusual in seventeenth-century England, but it was a little unusual in a founder of the Enlightenment—a rationalist movement that sought to do away with religion, superstition, the clerical establishment, and the privileged position of the Bible in society.

An analysis of john locke who was born in wrington england

The writings of the late 17th-century empiricist John Locke on philosophy, government, and education were especially influential during the Enlightenment. It was to this already famous institution that Locke went inat age Although the school had been taken over by the new republican government, its headmaster, Richard Busby himself a distinguished scholarwas a royalist.

An analysis of john locke who was born in wrington england

In Januaryjust half a mile away from Westminster School, Charles was beheaded on the order of Cromwell. The boys were not allowed to attend the execution, though they were undoubtedly well aware of the events taking place nearby.

Although Locke was evidently a good student, he did not enjoy his schooling; in later life he attacked boarding schools for their overemphasis on corporal punishment and for the uncivil behaviour of pupils.

In his enormously influential work Some Thoughts Concerning Educationhe would argue for the superiority of private tutoring for the education of young gentlemen see below Other works. Oxford In the autumn of Locke, at the comparatively late age of 20, entered Christ Churchthe largest of the colleges of the University of Oxford and the seat of the court of Charles I during the Civil Wars.

Owen and Cromwell were, however, concerned to restore the university to normality as soon as possible, and this they largely succeeded in doing. Locke later reported that he found the undergraduate curriculum at Oxford dull and unstimulating.

Although their works were not on the official syllabusLocke was soon reading them. At Oxford Locke made contact with some advocates of the new science, including Bishop John Wilkins, the astronomer and architect Christopher Wrenthe physicians Thomas Willis and Richard Lower, the physicist Robert Hookeand, most important of all, the eminent natural philosopher and theologian Robert Boyle.

Locke attended classes in iatrochemistry the early application of chemistry to medicineand before long he was collaborating with Boyle on important medical research on human blood. Medicine from now on was to play a central role in his life. The restoration of the English monarchy in was a mixed blessing for Locke.

It led many of his scientific collaborators to return to London, where they soon founded the Royal Society, which provided the stimulus for much scientific research.

But in Oxford the new freedom from Puritan control encouraged unruly behaviour and religious enthusiasms among the undergraduates. These excesses led Locke to be wary of rapid social changean attitude that no doubt partly reflected his own childhood during the Civil Wars.

In his first substantial political work, Two Tracts on Government composed in but not published untilLocke defended a very conservative position: This view, a response to the perceived threat of anarchy posed by sectarian differences, was diametrically opposed to the doctrine that he would later expound in Two Treatises of Government In Locke was appointed senior censor in Christ Churcha post that required him to supervise the studies and discipline of undergraduates and to give a series of lectures.

The resulting Essays on the Law of Nature first published in constitutes an early statement of his philosophical views, many of which he retained more or less unchanged for the rest of his life. Of these probably the two most important were, first, his commitment to a law of naturea natural moral law that underpins the rightness or wrongness of all human conduct, and, second, his subscription to the empiricist principle that all knowledgeincluding moral knowledge, is derived from experience and therefore not innate.

These claims were to be central to his mature philosophy, both with regard to political theory and epistemology.

As a member and eventually the leader of a group of opposition politicians known as the WhigsAshley was one of the most powerful figures in England in the first two decades after the Restoration. Ashley was so impressed with Locke at their first meeting that in the following year he asked him to join his London household in Exeter House in the Strand as his aide and personal physician, though Locke did not then have a degree in medicine.

Politically, Ashley stood for constitutional monarchya Protestant successioncivil libertytoleration in religion, the rule of Parliament, and the economic expansion of England. Locke either shared or soon came to share all these objectives with him, and it was not long before a deep—and for each an important—mutual understanding existed between them.John Locke was born in the small English village of Wrington, in Somerset, on August 29, His father, John Locke, was a local attorney of modest means.

- John Locke, one of the most influential philosophers of his time, was born on August 29, in Wrington, a small village in England. His father, also named John, had been a lawyer as well as a military man who once served as a captain in the parliamentary army during the English civil war.

Influential philosopher and physician John Locke, whose writings had a significant impact on Western philosophy, was born on August 29, , in Wrington, a village in the English county of Aug 29, Early Life (–) John Locke was born at Wrington, Somerset, on August 29, , and was brought up in a fairly strict Calvinist household by his father, John Sr., a moderately successful attorney and sometime clerk to the local justices of the peace.1 Though John Jr.

was born into the gentry, he was by no means rich Notes to Chapter One. John Locke was born on August 29, , in Wrington, in Somerset, England, to Agnes Keene and John Locke, the elder.

His mother died during his infancy, and Locke and his only brother, Thomas, were raised by their father, who was an attorney in the small town of Pensford near Bristol, England. Locke was born on August 29, in Wrington, Somerset, England, to John Locke, a country lawyer and clerk, and Agnes Keene.

Both of his parents were Puritans. He lived in a small market town in his youth and was sent to the prestigious Westminster School in Following his time there, he entered Christ Church, Oxford.

Locke, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy