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Sidon Old towns still form the center or core of many Lebanese cities and towns. The majority of these old towns dot the coastline of Lebanon, with only a small number of them found in the country's interior.
This reflects the nature of the Lebanese people who were a maritime culture largely involved in trade and commerce. Tripoli is the second largest city in Lebanon and is the capital of the North Governorate.
It was the capital of the last Crusader state in the Levant the County of Tripoli in the 12th century. Tripoli continues to be the second largest city, after Cairoin Mamluk architecture. All of which are present inside the Souks of Tripoli, an expansive maze of Sandstone alleyways and narrow streets in compact urban forms.
The Old City is decorated with elaborate ornaments, Arabesque designs, hexagonal cornices, molded door and window frames, and many other beautifying features.
Elegant facades with decorative effects on elevations and around openings mark the entrances to old prayer halls, galleries, and courtyards. Simple cupolas or ribbed domes can be found over conspicuous and important spaces like tomb chambers, mihraband covered courtyards.
Muqarnas and inscriptions, honeycomb moldings, and fishscale models decorate the minaretsportals, window exteriors, mihrabqiblah wall Batroun is a coastal city in Lebanon and the capital of the Batroun District in the North Governorate. Historians believe that the Greek name of the town originates from the Phoenician word, bater, which means to cut and it refers to the maritime wall that the Phoenicians built in the sea to protect them from tsunami.
Other historians believe that the name of the town is derivative of the Phoenician words, "beit truna", which translates to house of the chief. The Phoenicians founded Batroun on the southern side of the promontory called in Antiquity, Theoprosopon and during the Byzantine EmpireCape Lithoprosopon.
The city belonged under Roman rule to Phoenicia Prima province, and later after the region was Christianized became a suffragan of the Patriarchate of Antioch. In the Beirut earthquakeBatroun was destroyed, and mudslides and cracks occurred at the Cape Lithoprosopon.
Historians believe that Batroun's large natural harbor was formed during the earthquake. One of Batroun's medieval archaeological sites is the Crusader citadel of Mousaylaha which is constructed on an isolated massive rock with steep sides protruding in the middle of a plain surrounded by mountains.
Under Ottoman rule, Batroun was the center of a caza in the mutessariflik of Lebanon and the seat of a Maronite diocese, suffragan to the Maronite patriarchate. Since it has been the seat of the Maronite eparchy.
Today, Batroun is composed of an old town with numerous old stone churches and winding alleyways, all assembled around the old Phoenician harbor.
Deir el Qamar is a village in south-central Lebanonfive kilometers outside of Beiteddineconsisting of stone houses with red-tiled roofs. During the 16th to 18th centuries, Deir el Qamar was the residence of the governors of Lebanon.
It is also notable for its 15th-century Fakhredine MosqueFakhreddine II Palaceand other historical palaces and administrative buildings. The 17th century Deir el Qamar Synagogue is also in the village, although closed to the public.
During its peak, the city was the center of Lebanese literary tradition. It was the first village in Lebanon to have a municipality inand it is the birthplace of many well-known personalities, such as artists, writers, and politicians.
It was the capital of the Druze Cancimat of Lebanon This Maronite church goes back to the 15th century. He saw a light coming out of the hill. He gathered his soldiers and ordered them to go in the morning and dig in the land.
He said to them: If you find a Christian symbol, build a church.
Under the cross, there was the moon and Venus. That was the sign that long time ago, there was a temple dedicated to the moon and Venus and later it became a church.
Earthquakes and wars might be the reason for its disappearance. A Byzantine column can be found inside the church.Set at the foot of Camelback Mountain in the majestic Valley of the Sun, The Phoenician Residences, Overview. Own a Lifetime of Exquisite Experiences.
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