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This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.
These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in As The Chicago Manual of Style is primarily intended as a style guide for published works rather than for class papers, where necessary, CMOS guidelines will be supplemented with information from the student reference, Kate L.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all CMOS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. General CMOS Guidelines Text should be consistently double-spaced, including block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and figure captions.
For block quotations, which are also called extracts: A prose quotation of five or more lines, or more than words, should be blocked. CMOS recommends blocking two or more lines of poetry. A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks.
A blocked quotation must always begin a new line. Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. Subheadings should be used for longer papers. CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide.
Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman or Courier. Font size should be no less than 10 pt. Major Paper Sections Title Page According to Turabian style, class papers will either include a title page or include the title on the first page of the text.
Use the following guidelines should your instructor or context require a title page: The title should be centered a third of the way down the page.
Your name, class information, and the date should follow several lines later. For subtitles, end the title line with a colon and place the subtitle on the line below the title.
Double-space each line of the title page. Titles in the text as well as in notes and bibliographies are treated with quotation marks or italics based on the type of work they name.
Book and periodical titles titles of larger works should be italicized. Article and chapter titles titles of shorter works should be enclosed in double quotation marks.
The titles of most poems should be enclosed in double quotation marks, but the titles of very long poems should be italicized.
Titles of plays should be italicized. Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. For example, use lowercase terms to describe periods, except in the case of proper nouns e.
It is also possible to offset the block quotation by using a different or smaller font than the surrounding text. In Flowers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought, Rose eloquently sums up his argument in the following quotation: In a society of control, a politics of conduct is designed into the fabric of existence itself, into the organization of space, time, visibility, circuits of communication.
And these enwrap each individual life decision and action—about labour [sic], purchases, debts, credits, lifestyle, sexual contracts and the like—in a web of incitements, rewards, current sanctions and foreboding of future sanctions which serve to enjoin citizens to maintain particular types of control over their conduct.
These assemblages which entail the securitization of identity are not unified, but dispersed, not hierarchical but rhizomatic, not totalized but connected in a web or relays and relations. Leave one blank line between remaining entries. List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry.
For two to three authors, write out all names. When a source has no identifiable author, cite it by its title, both on the references page and in shortened form up to four keywords from that title in parenthetical citations throughout the text.
Do not use access dates unless publication dates are unavailable. If you cannot name a specific page number when called for, you have other options:Bibliography.
The bibliography, placed at the end of your paper, is an alphabetized list of books, articles, and other sources used in writing the paper.
Being a student, you will be definitely forced to deal with many different writing assignments which have to be completed properly in accordance with the requirements.
In order to make a headway with your paper, you should always pay attention to its style, format, and citation. Writing A Chicago Style Research Paper Proposal. Have you ever paid attention to the format of the research proposal you write, or we have discussed numerous times?
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Here is a sample Chicago style paper for your review, courtesy of University of Washington, writing and research center. This Chicago paper has 10 pages so. Writing - Sample Footnotes in MLA Style.
How to Do Footnotes. Footnotes are powerful tools, they are used to provide ancillary information and also citations in the footer of a page.