The predictions yielded a full range of results, to include stability in infection rate and even a descent in cases in some regions. Nonetheless, a strongly defined situation shows potential societal disaster in other regions, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. The outcomes showed an alarming, systematic growth in the infection and mortality rate, with the possibility of millions of cases to ensue.
This destroys and impairs its function. As the infection progresses, the immune system becomes weaker, and the person becomes more susceptible to infections. Moreover, close to 2. The major routes of HIV transmission include: The immune system is primarily comprised of two major cell types: B-cells and T-cells helper and cytotoxic subtypes.
T-cells are affected by this virus, which leads to a constant battle between HIV replication efforts and immune system ability to reproduce T-cell. HIV attacks helper T-cells immediately upon infection.
This leads to the gradual deterioration of the immune system. Moreover, HIV attacks and kills all new T-cells that the body produces to counter the effects of the virus.
This battle between T-cells and HIV continues for approximately 10 years until the body is no longer capable of producing T-cells and the body succumbs to weak viral and bacterial infections. Once this has occurred, the condition is commonly known as AIDS.
This elevated death toll may stem from a reduced affordability of modern and effective HIV treatments or these treatments are inaccessible. For wealthier people in industrialized countries, there is a better chance to afford the very expensive treatments that are available.
In addition the spread of HIV or AIDS is also largely a result of poverty because many of these countries are not educated about the risks of HIV and protective agents such as condoms are not readily available. HIV cannot survive for very long outside of the body HIV is not readily passed from one person to another.
The reason for this is that the HIV virus cannot survive for long periods of time outside of the body. This is why HIV cannot be transmitted to another person via casual or everyday encounters such as hand shaking, kissing or hugging.
While, sweat, tears, vomit, feces and urine contain small amounts of HIV, no cases of HIV infections due to any of these biological fluids have been reported. HIV can be transmitted via oral sex While there have been reports of HIV transmission via oral sex, the risk of oral transmission is much less than that of anal or vaginal sex.
Since the majority of sexually active individuals practice oral sex in addition to other forms of sex, it is very difficult to make a direct link between oral sex and HIV transmission. This amplifies HIV infectiousness.
The main reason for this is that shared needles used by drug users can carry HIV. Women are at an increased risk of HIV infection The unequal social status of women, primarily in developing countries, places them at an increased risk for contracting HIV.According to Grenada’s Senior Medical Officer and National HIV Programme Coordinator, Dr Francis Martin, there have been 21 new reported cases of HIV for thus far.
He said this is a decrease compared to last year’s 41 cases, which was also the one of the highest numbers recorded. Living with HIV HEADLINES. A total of 88, people, including children aged under 15, received HIV specialist care in ; Over the last decade, the number of people accessing specialist care for HIV has steadily grown.
New cases of the HIV and Aids are increasingly occurring among couples especially those married despite hyped public awareness of the pandemic, the Malawi Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS. Activists in Thailand say HIV rates are increasing in the transgender community, The Phuket News reports.
No nationwide statistics track HIV among transgender people, but several surveys indicate rates are on the rise. A survey in the province of Chonburi found 11 percent of trans people had HIV.
AIDS is caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which progressively destroys the body's immune system. Since , more than , cases have been reported in the United States. It leaves people susceptible to opportunistic infections -- diseases that would ordinarily not make a .
HIV cases have increased by nearly 5, in the UK The number of people with HIV in the UK has risen by more than 5, in a year, statistics show. The Health Protection Agency report found that HIV cases stood at 58, last year - up from 53, in Increases in other sexually transmitted.