Rely on parenthetical citations for this kind of information. Cite books by page numberspoems by line numberslong poems such as Lamia by part and line numbers 2. For films, use time-codes 1:
In the Poetics, Aristotle describes three essential parts to Greek Tragedy and in turn successful art. The three components work in relationship with each other, a collaboration leading to higher consciousness and restored order, whether socially or individually defined.
The first is "recognition" which implies the realization of some truth, that often times initially appears to the protagonist as a form of ignorance. In Greek culture blindness and seeing are transposed to indicate this moment of recognition as tragic vision; recognition manifests itself in blind prophets like Tiresias the seer and Oedipus' act of blinding himself after seeking out the reality of his life.
In Greek sculpture, a few statues have somewhat featureless eyesperhaps suggesting the idea of the blind seer again; and of course ancient rumors reported that Homer--in all his visionary poetry--was also blind.
Let me remind you that Homer is undoubtedly a tradition--evolving out of three ages of oral culture--rather than a single human being. The Age of Heroes. The second component of tragedy is "reversal" where through some form of inquiry or journey, the hero discovers that recognition is held in a kind of degree turn where formerly held truths are actually versions of ignorance or that former versions of ignorance turn out to be visionary.
The ancient story of the hunter Actaeon shows us this connection between recognition and reversal. Diana, the woodland goddess, transforms Actaeon into a deer and thus he is hunted down and destroyed by his own vicious hounds.
The story tells of the hunter becoming the hunted--reversal--and the recognition of the other's experience in life in this case the deer --Actaeon surely recognizes the perspective of the wild buck before his brutal undoing. The fate of the lovers of Ishtar in The Epic of Gilgamesh also shows us the reality of recognition and reversal--for instance, the gardener is transformed into a mole.
And more importantly we see our relation with nature portrayed as a reversal, when Enkidu is transformed from a wild beast into a domesticated man forever estranged from the wild creatureswho knows the trappings of civilization and culture.
The third aspect of successful tragedy is the "tragic flaw. In most cases, it refers to one's true character, the nature of one's soul or daemon or "divine spirit.
It implies unforeseen consequences that arrive in mass when a hero fails to follow his true character or when one's character causes a mistake in judgment. Tragic flaw is about the reality of human frailty. MEDEA When we talk about Medea, we might begin by thinking about how reversal plays an important role in understanding Euripides' intentions.
First, as the play opens prologuethe Nurse gives us history and a view of the "diseased love" between Jason and Medea. There is no equivocation; Jason has wronged Medea. The audience and the reader will perhaps fill sympathy for this woman and Corinthian women in general.
Obviously the patriarchal elitism and the consequent double standard of masculine behavior is put on display. Women live oppressed lives. Jason himself will confirm these sympathies as his reasoning and thus his words in the second episode are visibly absurd.
He is transparent and vain. What strikes me as important in reading this play is the notion of reversal as mood. Medea kills her own children and in doing so nullifies any initial sympathy we might have for her. In fact by the end of the play, one might have a great deal more sympathy for Jason instead of Medea and in this Euripides has reversed the sentiments of the audience through dramatic action.
It appears that the idea of having Medea kill her own children was solely the creation of Euripides. So while Medea gets away with murder--unlike Clytemneastra--she also brings destruction on Athens in the future for King Aegeus offers her sanctuary in that city.
Harboring a murder brings the waft of the furies. The theme of the children is important in this play. They remain central throughout, always visible or nearby.
It is the children that bring about this reversal. Jason and Medea's house. There is no need for a shift in scene. In the case of people dying, the messenger conveys the details and thus eliminates the necessity of changing scenes. This alternate depiction of violence through dialogue is indicative of Greek drama--the root of the word obscene is "off stage.
Nurse, Tutor, Medea What is the purpose of the Nurse's speech? Part of her purpose is to tell the audience about the past and thus locate the story in time and place; this is a literary convention--many prologues in Greek drama provide us with necessary information and give us a history lesson.
Ask yourself if the prologue generates any sympathy for Medea.Opinions vary. Some like Janko think that it happened in the 8th c.; others like me go for the 6th. That question is a very sensitive reading of Lessing's essay, with an imaginative reinterpretation of the concept of "limits." the series is reaching completion?
gnagy:: I think of the limitlessness of ever-expanding outer circles, as the. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
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The Battle of Mount Badon has been a part of the Arthurian narrative since the very beginning.
The Impact of Globalization on Cross-Cultural Communication. By Lowell C. Matthews and Bharat Thakkar. Submitted: express, and give effect to the opinions of the Chamber business community of the United States regarding trade, commerce, finance, industry, and related questions; Even though some convergence may occur over time, countries. One of the main sources of confusion and ambiguity in the creation–evolution debate is the definition of evolution itself. In the context of biology, evolution is genetic changes in populations of organisms over successive generations. CS Cultural Insights Communicating with Hispanics/Latinos Culture is a learned system of knowledge, behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms that is shared by. a group of people (Smith, ). In the broadest sense, culture includes how people think, what they do, and.
As with most Arthurian topics, the factuality of an actual battle is a point open for debate, but Badon nevertheless has an important place in the Arthurian literary tradition even prior to Geoffrey of Monmouth's popularization of Arthur.
Achilles then went out and killed Hector. [tags: revenge, flaw, warrior] and although a three-year-old child might aspire to be superman, more mature audiences hopefully find more realistic figures to idolize. heroism, adventure and divinity as forces that shape human destiny—The Iliad may be seen as an account of the circumstances.